The LCF2016 Program will explore climate change adaptation and building resilient communities through four themes, click here for descriptions.


Sunday, September 11


Join us Sunday evening for the LCF Dine-Around!

The Sunday dine around event provides an opportunity for delegates to dine at local restaurants and get to know the people attending the Forum.  You can sign up for the dine-around when you register for the Forum.  If you have already registered for the Forum and would like to attend the dine-around, please email with the name of the restaurant you would like to attend.  Click on each link below to explore the different restaurants available!

LOT SIX – 13 min walk from the Westin

1685 Argyle Street

“Our cocktails, food, wine and beer will leave a lasting impression, because we’re sourcing the best ingredients, searching for the most quality products and keeping up with techniques behind the bar, and in the kitchen. The ingredients we use, whether home staples or exotic imports, are showcased in a new light, made to satisfy and surprise. Having tasted the world we’re inspired by those flavours, yet even prouder of our own backyard and terroir. Our abundant local pantry, along with the influence of foreign cultures, are the backbone of what we offer our friends and guests.”

SALTY’S – 15 min walk from the Westin

1877 Upper Water Street

“Salty’s Bar & Grill  & Patio are about as close to the Halifax Harbour as it gets. Our casual atmosphere and waterfront location make Salty’s a natural for gatherings during the day and well into the evening. If you desire something quieter then head upstairs to our restaurant, which offers a superb view of Halifax Harbour, and a great selection of local shellfish, fish, steak, lamb and chicken.”

BICYCLE THIEF – 6 min walk from the Westin

1475 Lower Water Street

“The Bicycle Thief exudes a relaxed, come-as-you-are feel, in an atmosphere that blends Old School style with New School attitude. Drop by for lunch or supper, or pull up a chair to our wicked wine bar for a fantastic glass from our titanic selection. The Bicycle Thief offers North American food with an Italian soul – Maurizio’s Italian soul! Let his legendary cooking steal your heart…”

THE BARRINGTON STEAKHOUSE & OYSTER BAR – 12 minute walk from the Westin

1662 Barrington Street 

“Great steak, fresh seafood, big wine and Maritime hospitality come together to create the ultimate dining experience.”

Meeting place: The Westin Nova Scotian, conference level registration area @ 5:30pm.

Please contact if you have any questions about the Dine-arounds.

Day One

Monday, September 12


7:30 – 8:30 Registration and Buffet Breakfast


8:30 – 9:45 Opening Plenary

9:45 – 10:15 COFFEE BREAK

10:15 – 12:00

From Planning to Action: Bridging the Implementation Gap

While climate change adaptation has received increasing attention over the past several years, the focus has largely been on the planning process and less on implementation. Although adaptation planning is a process that is often capable of delivering positive outcomes, it can also overestimate the capacity of planning to deliver the intended outcomes of adaptation. Strengthening our understanding of the drivers and con-straints to implementation, as well as our knowledge of available tools and resources, can help municipali-ties in implementing tangible on-the-ground actions. Join us to hear about innovative approaches utilized by municipalities to bridge the implementation gap!

Climate Change in Atlantic Canada: Issues and Responses

Across Atlantic Canada, coastlines and coastal communities are being adversely affected by climate change, including rising sea levels, increased storm surges, and heavier rainfall. These changes have a tremendous impact on the economic, social, and physical landscape of the region. This session will present some of the climate-related issues currently threatening Canada’s East Coast, and explore an assortment of responses from both the public and private sectors.

The Economics of Resilience: From Business Case to Financing

Climate change adaptation can save us money by reducing the physical, social, and economic impacts of climate change. How much adaptation might cost, and how fruitful its benefits might be, are issues that are becoming increasingly relevant both for on-the-ground projects and in national and international contexts. This session will explore the economic risks of climate change, new practical tools and mechanisms to measure the costs of adaptation options, and ways the financial sector can be engaged in the adaptation conversation.

Legal Liability: Cases for Adaptation

Adapting to the impacts of climate change is not only about increasing resilience to the physical impacts, but also about ensuring the associated legal risk is minimized or avoided. The failure to adapt to known and expected climate change realities may expose communities and governments to legal actions by individuals or others for property damage and personal injury. This session will explore statutory, case law, and legal liability issues related to climate change that may impact Canadian communities, and discuss what local governments can do to minimize their risk.


1:30 – 3:00

The Importance of Place: Putting the 'Public' back into Public Spaces

From coastal parks, to urban forests, playground areas to urban gardens and green spaces, public areas are an indispensable ally for adapting to climate change. Municipalities are now faced with making climate change a crucial component of environmental and spatial planning in order to ensure that the traditional purpose of public spaces are maintained and the resiliency of communities improved. Building public spaces offers municipalities the opportunity to adapt by integrating natural and built environments that are just as important to the functionality of the space as they are to protecting the population from the changing climate. Join us to discover how some municipalities have used climate change as an opportunity to rethink their public spaces!

Innovative Practices in Paying for Stormwater Management

It is no secret that stormwater infrastructure is incredibly costly, and finding funding for these projects is one of the greatest challenges faced by municipalities. Municipalities are forced to identify new means of paying for upgrades and projects to ensure that when the storm hits, the stormwater system will be a help instead of a hindrance. This session will share innovative ways that municipalities can finance stormwater management upgrades, as well as case studies from Canadian municipalities on how they financed stormwater infrastructure using partnerships, tools, incentives, and strategic planning.

Assisting Municipalities in Combatting Extreme Rainfall

This panel will discuss work that will considerably expand the roster of available resources for municipalities tackling urban flooding issues associated with extreme stormwater flows and surcharging wastewater systems. The presentations will be followed by a moderated discussion on urban flood risk reduction in Canada, focusing on needs and challenges faced by audience members. Much of the work that will be presented is ongoing, thus the panel will provide an opportunity for interested municipalities to become directly involved in the projects.

Exploring the Connections between Health and Climate Change

There is growing evidence that our climate is changing and that these changes are affecting the health and well-being of residents throughout Canada. More intense heat events, invasive species, and extreme weather events are just a few of the climate changes affecting human health, especially among vulnerable populations. This session will look at the connections between climate change, resilience, and health, and what we can do to adapt.

3:00 – 3:30 COFFEE BREAK

3:30 – 5:30

Transformational versus Incremental Adaptation: Can we move Light-years Ahead?

There is a growing tendency within the climate change adaptation research community to think about adaptation using the language of transformation – suggesting that the current way of doing business will not be enough, especially in light of the lack of sufficient progress to mitigate the causes of climate change. Contrast this idea of transformational change with the realities on the ground of financial constraint, limited staff capacity, and difficulties with securing political will, and one is left with the question of whether all communities can really move ‘light-years ahead’? Join presenters in this session exploring the realities of transformative versus incremental adaptation and what it means in Canada’s cities, regions, and towns.

Small Town Success Stories: Lessons Learned from Small and Rural Municipalities

In Canada, small and rural communities are likely to be among the hardest hit by the effects of climate change because of their geography, their economic and social connections to the lands, and potentially limited resources. However, small and rural communities can also have some unique advantages, such as strong cross-departmental collaboration, communication, and community support. This session will discuss challenges and opportunities for climate change adaptation in small and rural municipalities, while highlighting several success stories throughout Canada.

Finding the Synergies between Low-carbon and Resilient Communities

For some time now, we have come to understand climate change mitigation and adaptation as two sides of the same coin. While mitigation efforts work to contain the long term impacts of global warming, adaptation measures are needed to address the degradation of ecosystem services that is already happening. At the same time, the limits of adaptation highlight the ongoing importance of the task of building low-carbon communities. From this point of departure, this session will highlight notable examples from across Canada of planning communities that are simultaneously low-carbon and resilient to the effects of climate change.

Fishbowl! Having the Climate Conversation

Join us for an innovative, interactive discussion on how different professionals communicate key messages about climate change and adaptation.  Learn creative and achievable ways to engage both important stakeholders and new audiences in the Climate Conversation – and be prepared to jump into the fishbowl yourself!


ICLEI Canada


A chance for forum delegates and invited guests to network over cocktails and dinner.

Location: The Westin Nova Scotia

Day Two

Tuesday, September 13


7:30 – 8:30  Buffet Breakfast


8:30 – 9:15 Morning Plenary

9:30 – 11:00

Unexpected Viewpoints: Four Fresh Perspectives on Climate Change

Climate change can be understood from a variety of disciplines: climate science, hydrology, planning, engineering, and countless others. In this ever evolving field, there are new and emerging perspectives on climate change and its impacts that highlight the need to continuously reshape and rethink our responses as municipalities and wider communities. In this fascinating session, speakers will present examples and share insights relating to tourism, displacement and communications.

Role of the Private Sector in Building Resilience

While climate change poses a number of risks to vulnerable communities and businesses around the world, many opportunities are unfolding for private companies to implement actions towards reducing their business operations, as well as investing in adaptation actions in a sustainable and profitable matter. These activities may relate to ensuring the resilience of business continuity, or the provisions of technologies or services that assist with adaptation in vulnerable communities. This session will explore private sector perspectives on climate risks and opportunities in a competitive market, as well as the role and capacity of the private sector to improve climate change adaptation in Canada.

Dealing with Water (Part One):Flood Preparedness Policy and Governance in Canada

In Part One of a two-part series, panellists from across Canada will discuss policy and governance measures that can be or are being used to protect Canadians from flooding. What sort of policy and governance tools can we use to increase municipalities’ preparedness in general, but also on the frontlines when a flood hits? Find out what exists, what is missing, and what is needed to ensure that Canadian communities can increase flood preparedness and manage flood risk.

The Data Divide: Working with Data to Enhance Resilience

Our ability to predict, manage and cope with climatic changes is not only challenged by the uncertainty sur-rounding climate change and traditional methods of data analysis, but also our capacity to properly translate these data into comprehensive information to inform planning processes and decision-making. This session will examine the importance and limitations of data, and how they can be used to build a shared under-standing of risk and create opportunities to increase the resiliency of communities. This panel will explore different uses of new initiatives centred on the collection and use of data!

11:00 – 11:30 COFFEE BREAK

11:30 – 1:00

Nature as a Vital Tool for Canadian Community Resilience

The natural environment plays a key role in community resiliency, even in large urban centres across Canada. Natural systems offer several means of improving an area’s adaptive capacity.  This session will explore the value of the natural environment when it comes to community resiliency, as well as innovative ways that practitioners have worked with nature to mitigate the effects of climate change.

Crossing Paths: Building Partnerships to Improve Resilience

Sharing climate change adaptation knowledge and developing collaborative adaptation actions contributes to the creation of a more effective and streamlined approach for managing a changing climate. Partnering with multiple institutions and stakeholders such as community groups, non-governmental organizations, private businesses, as well as local, provincial and federal governments, can help an organization to secure predictable and sustainable financial resources. However, the diverse needs of climate adaptation require more than funding resources alone. Partnerships also provide the opportunity to capitalize on outside expertise and experience to better leverage implementation and ensure that every single step of implementation – from design, to monitoring and evaluation, to operation and maintenance – are met with great success. Join us for this to learn about some unique partnerships that have been used for implementing adaptation projects across Canada!

Dealing with Water (Part Two): Flood Preparedness Examples from Throughout Canada

Building on learnings from Part One about flood-preparedness policy initiatives in Canada, participants will learn about how municipalities have put theory into practice and use innovative partnerships, projects, tools, and solutions to improve community flood resiliency. Case study examples will be presented from a diverse group of practitioners.

Moving to Alternative Energy: Net Zero Buildings and Renewable Energy

As climate change becomes increasingly disruptive to large-scale energy generation and distribution networks, small-scale resilient technologies will become increasingly vital.  Two key components of the shift to low-carbon communities – local renewable energy generation and net zero buildings – can also contribute to the capacity of communities to withstand the impacts of climate change.  This session will explores the ways that these technologies can contribute to the creation of low-carbon, resilient communities and will highlight some of the ways they are currently being implemented by municipalities in Canada.


2:00 – 3:30

Blue-Green Cities: Integrating Water Management with Urban Greenspace

To fully realize the benefits of blue-green infrastructure (BGI), one must evaluate the interdisciplinary bene-fits to the air, environment, waste water, built environment, energy system, and social and ecological sys-tems. Even though BGI has the potential to transform city environments into more sustainable, resilient, and attractive ones, they are still far from the standard for urban water management and most benefits are not recognized in current legislations and policies. Join us to discover the benefits and added values stem-ming from BGI and how some municipalities overcame the social, political and technical challenges of BGI implementation.

Engaging the Unusual Suspects in Climate Change Adaptation

Engaging the right people, in the right way is vital to the success of any climate change adaptation effort. Too often efforts around climate change engagement have centred around municipal staff hosting a community meeting where a limited number of people attend or participate. This session will focus on engaging the “unusual suspects” in climate change adaptation – from farmers to accountants to faith leaders – the session panellists have found creative, targeted, and mutually beneficial ways to engage stakeholders in ways that are meaningful to them and sensitive to a variety of perspectives.

Lessons Learned from the Municipal Climate Change Action Plan Process in Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia is the only Province in Canada to mandate ‘Municipal Climate Change Action Plans,’ by using the federal gas tax as a monetary incentive for initiating the development of municipal plans designed to mitigate and adapt to climate risks and impacts at the local scale. This panel provides an opportunity for discussion with representatives from Nova Scotia’s Provincial and Municipal governments, as well as NGO and consulting sectors, in order to reflect on the MCCAP process and to discuss the broader barriers and opportunities for enabling the integration of climate adaptation plans into municipal decision making and governance strategies.

What's Measured: Using Indicators to Measure Progress and Change Courses

Adaptation actions require ongoing and consistent monitoring in order to: 1) Identify and initiate necessary course corrections; 2) Change the timing of implementation; 3) Create mechanisms for alerting stakeholders to emerging data and information; and 4) Ensure that desired objectives are achieved. This session will explore how adaptation indicators can be used as a means to track and assess where you are in relation to an adaptation action, determine whether you are headed in the intended direction, and assess how far away you are from the desired adaptive outcome.

3:30 – 4:00 COFFEE BREAK


Session details to come.


A chance for forum delegates and invited guests to network over cocktails.

Location: The Westin Nova Scotian

Day Three

Wednesday, September 14


7:00 – 8:00 Buffet Breakfast


8:00 – 9:00 Morning Plenary

9:00 Study tour meet up and depart


City Cycling Tour - Coastal Impacts and Adaptation

Join a cycling tour of Halifax and Dartmouth to see a range of examples of extreme weather impacts and adaptation as well as some areas of opportunity for action. This session will be led by the Ecology Action Centre’s Coastal Adaptation Coordinator, Robin Tress. A short cycling safety briefing will be led by the Ecology Action Centre’s Making Tracks transportation leaders. Bikes provided.

City Walkabout - Urban Forests and Point Pleasant Park

Enjoy a guided scenic walk in Halifax beginning at Dalhousie University and winding down into Point Pleasant Park at the Halifax Harbour. Guides will discuss Halifax’s award-winning Urban Forest Master Plan as well as the Point Pleasant Park Masterplan and the management of the park since it was heavily impacted by Hurricane Juan in 2003.


Prospect Village Day Trip - Hiking and History of a Traditional Fishing Village

Prospect Village is located on the granite headlands of the Prospect Peninsula on Nova Scotia’s southwest shore. For over 250 years the residents of this traditional fishing village have witnessed the rise and fall of the Atlantic fishery and have had to discover new  job  opportunities and ways of life while maintaining their connections with the past.  Come and join us for a guided tour of this spectacular coastal village.  We’ll meet with local residents who will share their stories of the history of Prospect and also tell us about the present day challenges and opportunities of living in a coastal community.  The day will start with an exciting shoreline  hike through the majestic granite barrens of the  Prospect High Head conservation area.  After a hearty fish chowder lunch break at the community hall we’ll tour the village and meet local residents who will tell their stories of  living in Prospect. Transportation provided, full day session, Tour Size minimum of 10, maximum of 20.


Workshop 1

Workshop Details to come.

Workshop 2

Workshop Details to come.



Workshop 3

Workshop Details to come.

Workshop 4

Workshop Details to come.

Program Themes

Preparing Canadians for a changing climate: Explore different ways to prepare and engage Canadian communities in climate change adaptation. Topics include best practices in adaptation, new and  emerging risks, assessing vulnerability and risk at a local level, and  communicating climate change impacts.

Responding to extreme weather and climate change: Learn about the changing nature of roles and responsibilities, integrating climate change into emergency management, and best practices from across Canada.

Mainstreaming implementation in Canadian communities: Discuss how communities are  implementing adaptation actions into planning, policy, and community  engagements, while also building  partnerships, and pursuing innovative practices for integrating resilience into  communities.

Measuring progress on climate action: Learn about best practices in monitoring and evaluation, using indicators to  measure resilience, and applying tools to measure municipal progress on  adaptation